Zscaler is the early cloud security company. Where other competitors in this segment are moving to cloud, Zscaler started as Cloud Security company. Which gives them the lead. Zscaler used by several Fortune 500 companies.
Any automatic message, mail or chat etc. that you receive from services those you use, are programmed on platforms like Twilio. Twilio is the leader in this niche. Their AI systems develops and improve the services automatically. Which gives it a major competitive advantage over other competition.
Index funds were first invented in 1975 by Vanguard founder-Jack Bogle. As of today as well they are the best instruments for passive investing. They also serve as a benchmark and has outperformed individual stock performance in long run.
Any company want to go public, can choose to do so through IPO or Direct lising. IPO is more conventional way, but it comes with a huge cost, therefore some commanies choose direct listing. But direct listing doesn’t guarantee sell of all shares, remove greenshoe option etc.
Definition of rich varies based on ambitions of individuals. Some may find success working at well-paid job and possibility to give enough time to family. Other may choose to pursue bigger goals and sacrifices personal life. But even after that, there are external forces such as government , taxes etc. which impact the worthiness of wealth.